How should children's implicit strabismus be treated? Implicit strabismus is a common eye disease in children. It is often caused by the weakness of the external rectus muscle, the back of the attachment point, the strong internal force or the front of the attachment point, the strong excitation of the central radiation center or the excessive use of regulation.
Treatment of implicit strabismus in children
1. Surgical treatment
The treatment of children's esotropia: the operation principle is to shorten the bilateral external rectus when the distance is greater than the near. When the distance is greater than the distance, the bilateral internal rectus should be moved backward. Every 1 mm backward of the internal rectus can be corrected by 4-6 △ with a fluctuation range of 2 △ and the external rectus shortened by 1 mm can be corrected by 3-4 △ with a fluctuation range of 2 △ respectively.
2. Mydriatic optometry
Treatment of children's esotropia: refraction. If there is hyperopia, it should be fully corrected to reduce accommodation and convergence, astigmatism or anisometropia should also be corrected to improve vision. The improvement of vision can also promote binocular visual function and fusion reflex, and can also play a role in the treatment of esotropia.
Prevention of implicit strabismus in children
The above is about the treatment of children's implicit strabismus, in the treatment at the same time, we should also do a good job in prevention and health care. The visual reflex of both eyes in infancy and early childhood is unstable, and then the fluctuation gradually decreases. It basically stops at the age of 5 and ends at the age of 8. If there is no serious obstacle, it will be maintained for life. However, in this unstable period, any obstacle that affects binocular vision can lead to strabismus, and any strabismus will lead to the loss of binocular vision.
On the other hand, because of the instability of binocular monocular function in this period, it is easy to lose and recover. If strabismus is found, early treatment and treatment can not only correct strabismus, but also recover the binocular monocular function lost or dysplasia, so as to achieve the ideal purpose of functional cure.
On the contrary, if the treatment is delayed and the development of visual function is missed, the binocular single vision loss, skeletal deformity and compensatory head position can not be recovered. Even if strabismus is corrected by surgery later, it is only cosmetic correction, and there is no "adhesive" effect of binocular single vision function, so there is still the risk of strabismus again.
After reading the above content, you should have some understanding of how to treat children's implicit strabismus. More topics about eye health will be introduced in the following article. Welcome to check. Wish you a happy life!