Lack of sleep may lead to glaucoma? Ophthalmologists often encounter patients with acute attack of glaucoma to see a doctor. The patient has red eyes, pain, sharp decline of vision, even nausea, vomiting and general discomfort. The intraocular pressure (IOP) of these patients can be as high as 50 mmHg (10-21 mmHg in normal people) and the eyeball can be felt as hard as stone by touching with fingers.
Patients often stay up late and tired before onset, and even some patients tell doctors that they just watch TV for a long time. So why do these conditions cause glaucoma attacks?
It turns out that overwork, lack of sleep, emotional fluctuations, improper diet or overeating and other factors can affect the vascular nerve regulatory center, resulting in dysfunction of vasomotor function: on the one hand, it can dilate capillaries, increase vascular permeability, cause ciliary muscle edema, move forward, block the anterior chamber angle, and block the outflow channel of aqueous humor; On the other hand, it can make the aqueous humor secrete too much, the posterior chamber pressure is too high, and the peripheral iris pressure moves forward, which makes the anterior chamber shallow and the anterior chamber angle narrow. These factors can cause a sharp increase in intraocular pressure, and eventually lead to acute attack of glaucoma.
Therefore, doctors call them the cause of acute attack of glaucoma. Therefore, it is very important for glaucoma patients to keep their regular life, stable mood, moderate diet and avoid the stimulation of adverse factors.
How to prevent glaucoma?
The main target of Glaucoma Prevention is the population with risk factors. People with glaucoma risk factors, in the adverse mental factors and other incentives to stimulate the formation of glaucoma at any time, so we must rule out all the harmful factors that can induce increased intraocular pressure, to prevent the occurrence of glaucoma.
1. The main inducing factors of glaucoma are long-term bad mental stimulation, irritability, depression, anxiety and panic.
2. Regular life, food and daily life, work and rest, moderate physical exercise, do not take part in strenuous exercise, maintain sleep quality, light diet and rich nutrition, prohibit smoking and drinking, strong tea and coffee, and properly control the water intake, which should not exceed 1000-1200ml per day, and the one-time drinking water should not exceed 400ml.
3. Pay attention to eye hygiene, protect eyes, do not read in strong light, dark room stay time should not be too long, light must be sufficient and soft, do not use eyes excessively.
4. Women with amenorrhea, menopause and dysmenorrhea should pay more attention to the increase of intraocular pressure. If glaucoma appears in menstrual period, they should see a specialist in time.
5. The family and risk factors of glaucoma should be reexamined regularly. Once there are signs of glaucoma, we must actively cooperate with the treatment to prevent the sudden loss of visual function.
After reading the above content, we should have some understanding of the problem that insufficient sleep may lead to glaucoma. More topics about eye health will continue to be introduced in the following article. Welcome to check. Wish you a happy life!