Internet, TV, newspapers and books, as well as various lectures and hearsay, have formed the diversity of information. There are more channels for the public to receive information, and they have a certain understanding of disease prevention and control, hazards, and wrong lifestyle. But there are also some people who suffer from anxiety disorders. For example, after treating teeth in a small dental clinic, they worry that they will be infected with AIDS; after abortion, they worry that they will not be pregnant in the future; the mole on their face is itchy and painful, and they doubt whether it will be cancerous; after defecation, they see blood, which is a common hemorrhoid, but they are worried about whether they will suffer from rectal cancer; knowing the consequences of altitude reaction, they dare not go to Tibet. This is not the case. Some of the more serious cases have developed into constant panic.
Intellectual class is a high risk group
Most of the people suffering from knowledge anxiety disorder are highly educated or intellectual men and women. Due to excessive absorption of knowledge and information, they are extremely worried about their physical condition. They often involuntarily associate with health knowledge or medical information, observe themselves anxiously, feel fear of disease, and have extremely painful illusions.
In the outpatient clinic, psychiatrists often find that some white-collar workers who are 25 to 45 years old and have high education and are in the high-tech industry, especially those normal adults who often deal with high flow of information, will have a strange disease: there is no pathological change, there is no organic change, the onset interval and onset time are not certain, but they will suddenly have nausea In addition, women also suffer from menopause, amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea and other gynecological diseases. Psychological experts believe that this is a kind of physical and mental disorder, which can be temporarily called 'knowledge anxiety disorder' or 'information anxiety syndrome'.
We know that information and knowledge are the symbol of human civilization and the source of wealth creation. But on the other hand, science and technology and civilization make people's hearts more crowded and lonely. The so-called "knowledge anxiety disorder" is also a product of this era and a form of alienation of anxiety disorder. Due to the rapid changes of the external environment, many people are uncertain about the future, even full of fear. This will inevitably cause psychological tension, impatience, and even cause a series of physiological reactions, such as continuous urination, continuous hand washing, insomnia, anorexia, etc. If we don't know how to relax and adjust in time, it will do harm to our spirit and physiology.
From the perspective of daily life, people who watch TV and listen to the radio continuously every day, and people who spend every day in the library or on the Internet looking up materials are easy to cause anxiety. In terms of occupation, journalists, editors, teachers, advertisers, informers, website administrators, intelligence personnel, monitoring personnel, spies, sonar personnel and so on are the high risk groups of the syndrome.
It's a serious mental illness
Knowledge anxiety is not only subjectively characterized by physical tension, strong autonomic nervous system responsiveness, worry about the unknown future, excessive alertness and other symptoms, but also objectively persistent. Usually, the above reactions are more than 2 weeks before they can be diagnosed as knowledge anxiety.
Although the excessive anxiety of knowledge and information has great harm, but the normal thirst for knowledge and self enrichment can not give up, people's ability to adapt to pressure actually increases year by year with the evolution of society. For example, in all kinds of training courses in the current society, the behavior of people who take all kinds of certificates usually does not turn into excessive anxiety, but it can not be ignored. We must pay attention to relaxation.
Some intellectual men and women care too much about their health, which leads to anxiety. For example, once the blood pressure rises, these people will measure their blood pressure every day. They want to measure their heart and blood vessel health. At the same time, they often measure their pulse, find experts in the Department of Cardiology to check their ECG, pay attention to the changes of their body function all the time, and even check all the medical data they can find, so as to find out the side effects of the drugs and treatment Role or whether there are new drugs and technology development to solve their own problems.
This kind of people often have some uncomfortable symptoms, such as headache, neck acid, abdominal pain, etc., but because of the fear of disease or cancer, some people become more neurotic. They constantly draw blood or do instrument tests. Even if they get negative results, they are still dubious. They worry that there are problems in the technology of the laboratory or the judgment of the doctor, and then they go to another place to have a re examination.
Some people suffering from mild 'knowledge anxiety disorder' will often go for health examination. Of course, from the standpoint of preventive medicine emphasized by modern medicine, early detection of major diseases is indeed very important. But different from normal people, people suffering from mild 'knowledge anxiety disorder' have too much psychological burden during health examination, and many people show obvious neurotic characteristics.
If we pay attention to it, we can prevent it effectively
In fact, "knowledge anxiety disorder" itself is not terrible, and there is no need to worry that it will turn into a mental illness. As long as you are aware of the causes of its onset, and correct prevention and treatment, it can be effectively avoided. Here are some ways to help you:
The first is to recognize the objective sacrifice of knowledge anxiety. The knowledge of the information age is indeed infinite, but the fear of the unknown makes modern people bear more psychological pressure, and even cause unnecessary 'psychological crowding', which constantly erodes human health and survival. Our emotions can not be completely controlled by subjective will, but if we adopt an attitude of acceptance towards anxiety, we can tell ourselves that I am anxious after anxiety comes into being, which is a kind of uncomfortable feeling, but I can't control it myself, so I can only accept it. In this way, although it seems to be a negative attitude, any emotional process has its occurrence, development, climax, decline and end. As long as we accept it, it will eventually disappear, which is the so-called "inaction without inaction".
Second, try to find the psychological reasons behind knowledge anxiety, such as whether they are too perfect, too concerned about themselves, too much emphasis on the results of things, too much emphasis on other people's evaluation, etc.
Third, face up to the pressure of reality. The generation of excessive anxiety often has some realistic pressure and psychological conflicts that we are not willing to face, such as the contradiction of marriage, the pressure of work, the economic crisis, interpersonal conflicts, etc. we should learn to face them squarely and solve them in time. Escaping can only make the problem more complicated and irritated.
Fourth, we need to find multiple sources of happiness. The more sources of happiness we have, the less we fear loss and the less anxious we are. Life is colorful, as long as we are willing, every moment we can enjoy the joy of life.
Fifth, ensure 8 hours of sleep. At the same time, there should be no more than three kinds of media receiving information every day.
Sixth, if the psychological pressure does not improve for a period of time, please take the initiative to seek the help of a psychologist.